Thursday, 23 June 2011

Transitioning a PC to S5 (revisited)

Back in February I wrote about turning off a PC using the Intel I/O Controller Hub and had some example code to do this, and it was a dirty hack.  I've revised this code to be more aligned with how the Linux kernel does this, namely:

1. Cater for the possible existence of PM1b_EVT_BLK and PM1b_CNT_BLK registers.
2. Clear WAKE_STATUS before transitioning to S5
3. Instead of setting SLP_TYP and SLP_EN on, one sets SLP_TYPE and then finally sets SLP using separate writes.

The refined program requires 4 arguments, namely the port address of the PM1a_EVT_BLK, PM1b_EVT_BLK, PM1a_CNT_BLK and PM1b_CNT_BLK.  If the PM1b_* ports are not defined, then these should be 0.

To find these ports run either:

cat /proc/ioports | grep PM1

or do:

sudo fwts acpidump - | grep PM1 | grep Block:

For example, on a Sandybridge laptop, I have PM1a_EVT_BLK = 0x400, PM1a_CNT_BLK = 0x404 and the PM1b_* ports are not defined, so I use:

sudo ./halt 0x400 0 0x404 0

..and this will transition the laptop to the S5 state very quickly. Needless to say, make sure you have sync'd and/or unmounted your filesystems before doing this.

The PM1_* port addresses from /proc/ioport and the fwts acpidump come from the PM1* configuration data from the ACPI FACP, so if this is wrong, then powering down the machine won't work.  So, if you can't shutdown your machine using this example code then it's possible the FACP is wrong. At this point, one should sanity check the port addresses using the appropriate Southbridge data sheet for your machine - generally speaking look for:

PM1_STS—Power Management 1 Status Register (aka PM1a_EVT_BLK)
PM1_CNT—Power Management 1 Control  (aka PM1a_CNT_BLK)

..however these are offsets from PMBASE which are defined in the LPC Interface PCI Register Address Map so you may require a little bit of work to figure out the addresses of these registers on your hardware.

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