Wednesday, 17 June 2009

Debugging Intel X Hangs

While I was at UDS I learnt some useful X debugging tricks for Intel based chipsets. One can debug the driver using debugfs as follows:

1. ssh into the machine with locked-up X and then mount debugfs:

$ sudo mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug

2. Find the dri debug directory:

$ cd /sys/kernel/debug/dri/0

3. Check for a system lock up by looking to see if sequence numbers are advancing or not:

$ cat i915_gem_seqno
Current sequence: 1732368
Waiter sequence: 0
IRQ sequence: 1732364

If the sequence numbers are not increasing then we know that the GPU has locked up for some reason.

4. If that's working, then check to see what the X server is doing:

$ cat /proc/pid-of-X-server/wchan

(where 'pid-of-X-server' is the process id of the X server)

This will show you what it is waiting for. If you see it changing then it's not an X hang.

5. Look at the interrupt activity

$ cat i915_gem_interrupt

Check that the masks are restored correctly after a resume - interrupts may be masked and hence not able to respond to interrupts.

The IRQ sequence generally is a little behind Waiter sequence - if IRQ sequence does not increment it's a GPU hang. The Current Sequence *SHOULD NOT* be zero. Waiter Sequence is zero when there is nothing queued up to process.

Also, check out

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